IPM for HONEY BEE PESTS, PARASITES, PATHOGENS and PREDATORS
PESTS: Wax Moths and Small Hive Beetles
- Keep all of your unused combs in mothproof stacks or in a mothproof room or building. Tape cracks between supers or repair supers so they fit tightly together. Inspect regularly! Treat with Para-moth® or Fumigator® at first sign of wax moth.
- The best solution for wax moths is to keep as many supers of combs as possible on your colonies. Strong colonies provide the best protection for your combs.
- To minimize damage from Small Hive Beetles:
- Extract honey within one week of removing supers from the hive and return supers to hives immediately after extracting.
- Keep your honey house and equipment scrupulously clean.
PARASITES: Parasitic Mites and Nosema
- Exchange drone comb traps.
- Freeze drone combs you removed.
- Check mite levels:
- Mite levels often being to soar at this time of the year. If left untreated, your colony will be severely damaged and will likely perish during the fall flow or shortly thereafter.
- Perform ether roll using 300 bees from brood nest. If ether roll counts are > 3, remove honey crop and treat with Apistan or CheckMite+.
- If you find signs of Parasitic Mite Syndrome, remove all honey supers and treat with Apistan or CheckMite+.
- At the end of the fall flow, you can remove the surplus honey AND the winter stores from untreated colonies, and replace their winter stores with surplus honey from colonies that required treatment in late August. That way you can still harvest the same amount of honey.
- If you have been using the drone comb removal method, you can probably skip the ether roll at this time because the mite levels will be very low.
PATHOGENS: AFB and Other Diseases
- Examine ALL combs in brood nest for disease.
- Abate AFB colonies immediately.
- If you are unsure about a diagnosis, send a sample to the Bee Research Laboratory for analysis.
- DO NOT treat with TM at this time.
PREDATORS: Bears and Skunks